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Last updated: 6/24/2024

    Fun Facts About Belgium's Agriculture

    1. Chocolate Roots: Belgium is globally renowned for its chocolates. However, cacao isn't grown in Belgium. Instead, they import high-quality cacao beans and focus on the refined chocolate-making process. The dedication to quality over quantity has given Belgian chocolates their esteemed reputation.
    2. Beer and Barley: Belgium is famous for its beer, especially Trappist ales brewed in monasteries. The country's agriculture supports this with significant barley production. There are more than 200 active breweries in Belgium, producing over 1,500 different types of beer.
    3. Belgian Blue: One of the most recognizable contributions of Belgian agriculture isn't a plant, but a breed of cattle. The Belgian Blue is known for its remarkable musculature, a result of selective breeding.
    4. Endive Roots: The Belgian endive, a leafy vegetable, was discovered in Belgium in the 1830s. It’s grown in the dark to maintain its pale color and delicate flavor.
    5. Strawberry Festival: Every year, in the Walloon municipality of Wépion, there is a strawberry festival celebrating the region’s famed fruit. Wépion strawberries are so popular in Belgium that they even have a museum dedicated to them!
    6. Potato Fry Origins: Although there’s some debate over the true origin of the French fry, many Belgians assert it was invented in Belgium. The country even has a Frietmuseum (Fry Museum) in Bruges, celebrating the history and culture of the beloved fried potato.
    7. Pear Affair: Belgian Conference pears have such a smooth and sweet taste that they've been exported as a high-quality fruit to countries as far as China, solidifying Belgium's reputation in global fruit markets

    Info About Belgium’s Agriculture

    Belgium, a Western European nation, is known for its medieval towns, Renaissance architecture, and as the headquarters for the European Union and NATO. While it's famous for chocolates and waffles, the country also has a significant agriculture sector.

    GDP contribution:


    Fruits grown and percentage:

    • - Apples: Significant percentage (particularly in Limburg and Antwerp)
    • - Pears: Another dominant fruit (especially in Limburg)
    • - Strawberries: (notably in the province of Walloon Brabant)
    • - Cherries and berries: Lesser but significant
    • - Exact percentage breakdown: N/A

    Territory and population involved with agriculture:

    About 44% of Belgium’s territory is used for agriculture production. Roughly 1.5% of the population works in the agriculture industry.

    Fruit producing trend:

    The fruits producing trend in Belgium is relatively stable, with some slight variations depending on factors like climate and global market demand.

    Domestic and exported fruits:

    Pears, especially the Conference variety, are major exports. Apples are consumed both domestically and for exports.

    Annual revenue:


    Reliance on seasonal workers:

    Belgium does rely on seasonal workers, particularly during the harvesting seasons of fruits.

    Number of farms and agricultural entities:

    Belgium has thousands of farms, with a mixture of family-owned small farms and larger corporations. Small and medium-sized farms are still significant in number. Farming/agricultural programs:

    Agricultural programs:

    Yes, there are various farming and agricultural programs sponsored both by the Belgian government and the European Union.

    Seasons for migrant workers:

    The best seasons are spring and summer, particularly from May to September.

    Technology adoption and government involvement:

    The technology adoption in the Belgian agriculture sector is on par with other Western European nations, integrating automation and data analytics for better yields. The government, in collaboration with the EU, offers subsidies and supports technological advancement in the sector.

    Jobs provided:

    The sector provides thousands of jobs, including constant employment and seasonal work such as fruit pickers, farm maintenance, and packaging roles.

      Regions and fruit farms:
    • Limburg: Apples and pears, peak in late summer and early autumn.
    • Walloon Brabant: Strawberries, peak in spring and early summer.

    Natural landscape:

    Belgium's fertile plains, especially in the northern region, contribute to its agricultural productivity, including fruit cultivation.


    Climate is temperate maritime, with mild winters and cool summers.

    Earnings for seasonal workers:

    The earnings can vary. As of my last update, the minimum wage for a full-time worker is around €1,500/month (though seasonal workers might earn differently). Specific earnings for fruit pickers: N/A.